Active Voice को Passive Voice में Change करने का आसान Basic Rules Hindi में

Active and Passive Voice in Hindi

Active Voice को Passive Voice में Change करने का आसान Basic Rules हिंदी में Active and Passive Voice English Grammar में Passive Voice बहुत ही महत्वपूर्ण Lesson है। कई स्टूडेंट्स का मानना है कि Active Voice को Passive Voice के Sentences में नहीं बना पाते हैं और बनाते वक्त अक्सर गलती करते हैंइस अधयाय के सभी Concept को अच्छे से समझिये फिर आपसे Passive Voice के Sentences बनाते वक्त कोई गलती नहीं होगा।

मुख्यतः जब किसी वाक्य में कर्ता (Subject) की अपेक्षा Object को ज्यादा महत्व दिया जाता है तब वहाँ पर Passive Voice का प्रयोग किया जाता हैइसीलिए इसे कर्मवाच्य Passive Voice कहते हैं। यह एक महत्वपूर्ण अध्याय हैआइये इस अध्याय को अच्छे से विस्तारपूर्वक उदहारण सहित समझें।
  • क्या आप Active and Passive voice में अक्सर गलती करते है?
  • क्या आपको Active and Passive voice के स्पेशल नियम पता है?
  • प्रतियोगी परीक्षाओं में पूछे गए प्रश्नों पर आधारितसबकुछ आसानी से सीखेंगे.
  • Active and Passive voice, Special rules and mistakes हिंदी में जानें.

Active and Passive Voice English Grammar हिंदी में

किसी भी वाक्य को दो तरह से बोला जा सकता है:-
1. Active Voice में
2. Passive Voice में
जैसे-
मुझे पापा ने बुलाया है – Active Voice
मैं पापा के द्वारा बुलाया गया हूँ – Passive Voice

# Passive Voice में Object का होना जरुरी नहीं है|
जैसे:
He was seen. [कोई Object नहीं है]
My watch was stolen. [कोई Object नहीं है]

 # वाक्यों को Active से Passive में बदलने के नियम-
a) Active में वाक्य का Subject, Passive में वाक्य का Object बन जाता है और object, subject बन जाता है|
जैसे:
He likes fruits.
[subject=”He” Object=”fruits”]

Fruits are liked by him.
[subject=” Fruits” Object=”him”]

b) Active Voice में मुख्य क्रिया का कोई भी फॉर्म Passive Voice में बदलने पर 3rd Form में बदल जाता है|
जैसे:
Active Voice
Passive Voice
Verb form
They are calling me.
I am being called by them.
calling= V1+ing called= V3
She ate all the apples.
All the apples were eaten by her
ate= V2 eaten= V3
Ram likes me.
I am liked by Ram.
likes= V1+s liked= V3

c) Tense के 12 प्रकारों में 8 ऐसे हैं जिनके वाक्यों को passive Voice में बदला जा सकता है और 4 ऐसे हैं जिनके वाक्यों को Passive में नहीं बदला जा सकता |
  • Present Perfect Continuous Tense
  • Past Perfect Continuous Tense
  • Future Continuous Tense
  • Future Perfect Continuous Tense
उपरोक्त चारों Tenses के वाक्यों को Passive में नहीं बदला जा सकताबाकी बचे 8 Tenses को Passive में बदला जा सकता है जो कि निम्न तरह से बदले जाएंगे|

1. Simple Present Tense:-
इस Tense के वाक्यों को Passive में बदलते समय IsAmAre का प्रयोग होगा|
जैसे:
Active Voice- He writes a letter.   
Passive Voice- A letter is written by him.   

Active Voice- They do not write letters.
Active Voice- Letters are not written by them. 


2. Present Continuous Tense:-
इस Tense के वाक्यों को Passive में बदलते समय निम्न परिवर्तन होंगे-
Active Voice
Passive Voice (Simple)
Passive Voice (Negative)
Any singular object like him, her, that, it, the house, the girl, Ram etc.
is being
is not being
Any plural object like them, fruits, us etc.
are being
are not being
When object is me
am being
am not being

जैसे:
Active Voice- He is writing a letter. 
Passive Voice- A letter is being written by him.

Active Voice- He is not writing letters. 
Passive Voice- Letters are not being written by him. 


3. Present Perfect Tense:-
इस Tense के वाक्यों को Passive में बदलते समय निम्न परिवर्तन होंगे-
Active Voice
Passive Voice (Simple)
Passive Voice (Negative)
Any singular object like him, her, that, it, the house, the girl, Ram etc.
has been
has not been
Any plural object like me, you, them, fruits, us etc.
have been
have not been

 जैसे:
Active Voice- He has caught you. 
Passive Voice- You have been caught by him.

Active Voice- They have not avoided him. 
Passive Voice- He has not been avoided by them. 


4. Simple Past Tense:-
इस Tense के वाक्यों को Passive में बदलते समय WasWere का प्रयोग होगा|
जैसे:
Active Voice- He wrote a letter. 
Passive Voice- A letter was written by him.   

Active Voice- They did not write letters.
Active Voice- Letters were not written by them. 

5. Past Continuous Tense-
इस Tense के वाक्यों को Passive में बदलते समय निम्न परिवर्तन होंगे-
Active Voice
Passive Voice (Simple)
Passive Voice (Negative)
Any singular object like me, him, her, that, it, the house, the girl, Ram etc.
was being
was not being
Any plural object like them, fruits, us etc.
were being
were not being

 जैसे:
Active Voice- He was writing a letter. 
Passive Voice- A letter was being written by him.

Active Voice- He was not writing letters. 
Passive Voice- Letters were not being written by him.

6.  Past Perfect Tense:-
इस Tense के वाक्यों को Passive में बदलते समय निम्न परिवर्तन होंगे होंगे-
Active Voice
Passive Voice (Simple)
Passive Voice (Negative)
For all the singular and plural Objects
had been
had not been

 जैसे:
Active Voice- He had caught you. 
Passive Voice- You had been caught by him.

Active Voice- They had not avoided him. 
Passive Voice- He had not been avoided by them. 

7. Simple Future Tense:-
इस Tense के वाक्यों को Passive में बदलते समय साधारण वाक्यों में Will be तथा नकारात्मक वाक्यों में Will not be का प्रयोग होगा|
जैसे:
Active Voice- He will write a letter. 
Passive Voice- A letter will be written by him. 

Active Voice- They will not write letters.
Active Voice- Letters will not be written by them. 


8. Future Perfect Tense:-
इस Tense के वाक्यों को Passive में बदलते समय साधारण वाक्यों में Will have been तथा नकारात्मक वाक्यों में Will not have been का प्रयोग होगा|

जैसे:
Active Voice- He will have written a letter. 
Passive Voice- A letter will have been written by him. 

Active Voice- They will not have written letters.
Active Voice- Letters will not have been written by them. 
Active Voice को Passive Voice में Change करने का आसान Basic Rules Hindi में Active Voice को Passive Voice में Change करने का आसान Basic Rules Hindi में Reviewed by ADMIN on 00:05 Rating: 5

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